Wednesday, August 1, 2012

An Introduction To Home Loan Interest Rates

A lot of people cringe at the very mention of interest because of the common image that is another venue for expending money. But this intimidation in turn results into the little knowledge about interest rates that most people have.

To conquer the fear of something, one should know more about it. Here is a little some useful information about home loan interest rates that could help one get acquainted with home loans in general:

What are the two types of home loan interest rates?

There are two major types of home loan interest rates available for people who are planning to borrow money to buy a house. The first is the fixed rate home loan, in which there is a fixed interest rate as well as monthly dues extended over a fixed period of time, such as 15 years or 30 years. The second type is the adjustable rate home loan, where the interest rates vary up or down according to the fluctuation of the interest rates in the market.

Fixed Rate Home Loan Interest

Fixed-rate home loans are generally the more popular type of interest rate scheme among the two. They are very popular mainly because people are quite adamant about the image of their home payments falling down or rising up because of varying interest rates. People usually get fixed-rate home loans whenever the rates offered for a particular time are quite low, making the mortgages quite affordable for them.

Fixed-rate home loans are generally divided into two types according to the duration of loan 15 or 30 years. Some people believe that 30 years is quite reasonable, while other think that 15 years is more so. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of each type of fixed-rate home loans:

30-year Home Loan

This type of fixed rate loan provides the borrower a chance to loan money for a long time without being bothered by fluctuating payments and interest rates. Many people believe that this type of loan is more affordable because the monthly payment rates are significantly lower that those involved in a 15-year loan since the interest rate is distributed over a wider period of time. The smaller increments of monthly payments allow the borrower to allocate their resources to other investments, which may help them maintain their houses better.

The disadvantage of a 30-year home loan is that it takes very long for borrowers to develop equity since the payments made during the early portions of the loan term just go mostly to the interest instead of the principal. When computing the overall interest rates, they are significantly higher than that of a shorter-term loan since the term for amortization is much longer. The interest rates for this type of loan are also significantly higher than for the 15-year home loan.

15-year Home Loan

This type of home loan is good for others because they allow the borrowers to develop equity significantly faster because the amortization schedule is shorter. When computing for the overall interest, the borrower would get a significantly lower total than those who are on a longer term. Interest rates for this type of loan are also significantly lower than for the 30-year home loan.

However, some people cannot afford this type of loan because the monthly payments may be very much higher than with the 30-year home loan. Typically, buyers could only acquire houses of smaller value than what they may be able to afford with a loan of a longer term.

Adjustable-rate Home Loans

Despite the idea of fluctuating interest rates, some people prefer adjustable-rate home loans. Those who do generally understand that the interest rates do not really rise or fall like a seesaw. Adjustable-rate home loans actually start with fixed rates for a particular, longer period and then followed by a significantly shorter period of adjustable interest rates.

What is good about adjustable-rate home loans is that the fixed interest rates for the initial period are very much lower than that of fixed-rate home loans. And this fixed-rate portion of the loan is very much longer than the adjustable part. For instance, the fixed-rate term might be 10 years long, while the adjustable rate term would be just a year. Some people actually get to save more in such scenario.

However, people still have to be careful when getting adjustable-rate home loans. Careful study must be made to ensure that interest rates in the adjustable part of the loan do not rise dramatically.
Knowing about the types of interest rates for home loans is an important factor when planning to borrow money to buy a house. To know more about home loan interest rates, it is best to consult with loan experts.

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